PcM Practice quiz

Weekly PcM practice quiz

Each week we add a new practice quiz question for Practice Management to help you study for PcM, or if you are simply wanting to keep your skills sharp.


Question 2:
1/27/2020

A four person start-up firm is growing every year. Their financial data shows a dollar amount for contracts signed but not yet performed.

What is the name given to dollar amount?

A. Cash flow
B. Backlog
C. Accounts receivables
D. Proposals pending

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Backlog

Backlog is the amount of contracts the firm has signed but has yet to perform.

Ref: The Architect’s Guide to Small Firm Management, The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 3:
2/3/2020

A sole proprietor has 15 years of experience. Their annual operating expenses that include rent, utilities, software, and insurance totals $21,000 annually. They have an annual payroll burden of $23,000 that goes towards income taxes and health insurance. 50% of their time is billable and the other 50% is spent on non-billable tasks including time spent on marketing, continuing education, vacation, and sick time. They would like a take-home salary of at least $80,000.

What hourly rate must they charge in order to meet their salary goal?

A. $100
B. $110
C. $120
D. $130

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is $120.

To find the answer, find the total revenue goal by adding up the annual expenses plus the desired take-home pay.

$21,000 + $23,000 + $80,000 = $124,000

Next, find the total number of hours in a year by taking the number of hours in a work week times 52 weeks in a year.

40 x 52 = 2,080 hours

Now divide that in half to reflect the fact that only 50% of those hours are billable.

2,080 / 2 = 1,040 hours

Finally, divide the revenue goal by the number of billable hours.

$124,000 / 1,040 = $119.23

Round up to $120 because rounding down would not allow the architect to meet their goal.

Ref: The Architect’s Guide to Small Firm Management


Question 4:
2/10/2020

States can adopt and modify a model ethics code for licensed architects.

Who publishes this document?

A. American Institute of Architects (AIA)
B. National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB)
C. National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB)
D. US Justice Department

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB).

The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) publishes model rules of conduct that are adopted by their members, the 50 states and 5 other regions.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, NCARB Model Rules of Conduct


Question 6:
2/24/2020

Licensed architects are held to a code of professional conduct.

Based on NCARB’s model code for architects, which is NOT an ethics violation?

A. An architecture firm inflates the experience and abilities of their staff members to try to win a project
B. An employee of an architecture firm takes digital files from their place of work, but doesn’t have permission to do so
C. An architect offers a finder’s fee to a contractor who brought them a new client and project
D. An architect takes on a project in which they are not experienced, but hires a consultant who is

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The Answer is D. An architect takes on a project in which they are not experienced, but hires a consultant who is.

Rule 1. 3 in The Model Rules of Conduct states that an architect shall only engage in providing services when they, together with those they engage including their consultants, have the necessary knowledge and skill in the specific technical areas involved.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 7:
3/2/2020

An architect is shopping for professional practice liability insurance coverage. The insurance agent is explaining what the risk of various activities are to the architect.

Claims are highest among architects who do which of the following?

A. Don’t perform construction phase services
B. Engage in design-build contracts
C. Only perform schematic design services
D. Use standard AIA contract forms “as-is”

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is A. Don’t perform construction phase services.

When the architect isn’t contracted to perform construction phase services, they aren’t around during construction to interpret, explain, or correct the contract documents. This leads to a rise in claims against the architect.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 8:
3/9/2020

A group of recently licensed architects start a new firm and apply for professional liability insurance coverage. The application asks if the firm’s practice will engage in the design of condominiums.

Why would the insurance carrier want to know this?

A. Because condominium projects allow for higher design fees and the insurance company wants their share
B. Because the contractors who build condominium projects aren’t as sophisticated as other contractors and make more errors
C. Because recently licensed architects should stick to smaller buildings like duplexes and park shelters, not condominiums
D. Because any errors in the design will be multiplied across several units and owners can join efforts to seek damages

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Because any errors in the design will be multiplied across several units and owners can join efforts to seek damages.

Condominium projects are known for carrying higher risk to architects and this is often reflected in the practices of the insurance companies who insure architects.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 9:
3/16/2020

A developer hires an architecture firm to prepare a set of plans. The project is an office building on a suburban site. They use AIA B101 for the owner-architect agreement. The building is constructed and then leased.

Three years later, the architecture firm discovers that the developer reuses the same set of plans to build three other identical office buildings on other sites in the same city. The architect is not aware of the three later projects.

Which statement is true regarding this scenario?

A. Since the developer paid for the design, they may use it as they like
B. The developer may reuse the plans but only if they change it enough so as to not violate copyright laws
C. Based on the B101, the architect transfers the copyright of the plans to the owner
D. The architect owns the rights to the plans and the actions of the developer are in violation of those rights

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. The architect owns the rights to the plans and the actions of the developer are in violation of those rights.

Based on the B101, the architect retains the rights to the plans and grants the owner a non-exclusive license to use the plans. The developer should ask the copyright holder before reusing the plans.

Ref: Law for Architects, AIA B101


Question 10:
3/23/2020

The ability to meet financial obligations as they are due is an important aspect of running a successful business.

What is the name given to this?

A. Profitability
B. Liquidity
C. Projections
D. Solvency

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Solvency.

Solvency is the ability of a firm (or an individual) to pay its bills. In order to be solvent, a firm must have enough assets to cover their liabilities.

Profitability is closely related to solvency but profitability specifically refers to the ability to create more revenue than expenses. Liquidity is the ability to easily use assets in the form of cash. For example, you might own computers which have a value, but that value is not in cash and is therefore not liquid. Projections are cash flow forecasts.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 11:
3/30/2020

Refer to the exhibit of the typical billing cycle for an architecture firm that bills after each phase of design services.

Which label belongs in the empty box?

A. Accounts receivable
B. Accounts payable
C. Collections
D. Balance sheet

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is A. Accounts Receivable.

Accounts receivable is an account in the general ledger. It is where the amount owed to the company by their clients for services rendered and billed but not yet paid is recorded.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 12:
4/6/2020

An architecture firm is reviewing their marketing strategy. The firm was established 24 years ago and does a wide variety of work in the commercial sector. They are one of about ten prominent firms in their city of about 300,000 people.

What should be their number one priority?

A. Securing new clients through networking
B. Seeking out new markets such as institutional or residential
C. Researching the competition’s weaknesses
D. Maintaining relationships with existing clients

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Maintaining relationships with existing clients.

Maintaining relationships with existing clients is the best answer. This is because repeat clients and their architects have usually built a relationship of trust and respect. Establishing new relationships is difficult, time-consuming, and costly, especially if the client already works with another architect.

Choices A and B are not the best answer because there are difficulties and costs associated with these routes. Choice C is not the best answer because while knowing the competition can help the firm position themselves in the market, it is not a priority over maintaining relationships with existing clients.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 13:
4/13/2020

A senior licensed architect is the studio manager at a large firm. They are in charge of a team of 11 other staff members including architects, drafters, and designers. They would like to lead their team by inspiring growth and change in the individual team members.

What leadership skills or traits should they strengthen to accomplish their goal?

A. Technical ability and expertise
B. Communication and interpersonal skills
C. Ability to read and adapt to different situations
D. Time management and task delegation

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Communication and interpersonal skills.

Inspiring growth and change requires listening to and learning from team members. These skills are especially relevant in a creative field such as architecture.

Choice A is not the correct answer because while technical ability and expertise are important for leaders to have, they don’t speak to the question which asks about inspiration and transformation of team members. Choice C is incorrect because while the ability to read and adapt to different situations is important and closely related to inspiring and transforming others, it is not the best answer because like answer choice A, it does not speak to transformation and growth of the team members. Choice D is incorrect because it focuses on functional aspects of project management (telling them what to do) rather than team member development.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 14:
4/20/2020

An architecture firm’s employees and each employee’s annual compensation and percent chargeable is listed below:

Principal : $180,000 : 40%
Architect #1 : $120,000 : 65%
Architect #2 : $85,000 : 80%
Intern Architect : $45,000 : 95%
Technician #1 : $55,000 : 98%
Technician #2 : $35,000 : 98%
Administrative Assistant : $40,000 : 20%

What is the utilization rate of the firm as a whole? Round to the nearest percent.

___%

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is 64%.

The answer is 64%. The utilization rate or chargeable ratio is the percentage of time or dollars charged to projects.

You must find both the firm’s total salary expense and the direct labor expense.

Total salary expense: $180,000 + $120,000 + $85,000 + $45,000 + $55,000 + $35,000 + $40,000 = $560,000

To find the direct labor expense, first take the salary times the employee’s utilization rate.
Principal : $180,000 x 0.4 = $72,000
Architect #1 : $120,000 x 0.65 = $78,000
Architect #2 : $85,000 x 0.8 = $68,000
Intern Architect : $45,000 x 0.95 = $42,750
Technician #1 : $55,000 x 0.98 = $53,900
Technician #2 : $35,000 x 0.98 = $34,300
Administrative Assistant : $40,000 x 0.2 = $8,000

Add them up to get the total direct labor expense: $72,000 + $78,000 + $68,000 + $42,750 + $53,900 + $34,300 + $8,000 = $356,950

Now find the utilization rate by dividing the direct salary expense by the salary expense.

$356,950 / $560,000 = 0.637 or 64%

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 15:
4/21/2020

In this type of business structure, the owner’s salaries are deductible by the company and taxed at the individual level. The company is also taxed as a separate entity.

How is this business structure identified?

A. S-Corporation
B. Corporation
C. Limited Liability Company
D. Partnership

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Corporation.

Corporations are taxed once as a company and again at the individual level. This is known as double taxation.

The other three choices have what is known as pass-through taxation where the company itself pays no income tax, but the individuals who own the company pay income tax on their personal tax returns. The tax burden is said to pass-through to the individual.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 16:
5/4/2020

An architecture firm is putting together construction documents in preparation for plan review at a municipal building department that is not local to them. The project is complex and the design team is not familiar with the local building department. They would like to hire a specialist who can help with the plan review process.

Which of the following should the architect consider hiring?

A. Civil engineer
B. Attorney
C. Expeditor
D. Construction manager

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Expeditor.

Expeditors specialize in the processes of filing with and gaining approval from building departments and other regulatory agencies.

Ref: Professional Practice, A Guide to Turning Designs into Buildings


Question 17:
5/11/2020

A firm realizes the quality of their construction documents could be improved.

Who is responsible for quality management?

A. Document production team
B. Project manager
C. Quality control manager
D. All of the above

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. All of the above.

Excellence is the result of a well-managed team where ALL members engage in quality management.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 18:
5/18/2020

Which of these licenses architects?

A. ICC
B. States
C. AIA
D. NCARB

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. States.

The purpose of licensing architects is to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public. State governments license architects through professional licensing laws that regulate what people are allowed to call themselves and what they are allowed to do. Licensing establishes a minimum level of training, experience, and character to be qualified to offer professional services to the public.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice; The Project Resource Manual: CSI Manual of Practice


Question 19:
5/25/2020

A new architecture firm is reviewing insurance policies.

Which type of insurance protects the firm from litigation alleging malpractice or negligence?

A. Disability
B. General liability
C. Professional liability
D. Property

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Professional liability.

Professional liability insurance is also known as Errors and Omissions (E&O) insurance. This type of insurance protects practicing architects from claims against acts of alleged negligence, errors, and omissions while performing architectural services.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 20:
6/1/2020

A client would like to structure their construction project with a Construction Manager as an agent.

In order for this to be successful, the owner should be experienced in which of the following?

A. Programming and design
B. Bidding and negotiation
C. Preconstruction services
D. Contract administration

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Contract administration.

Use of a construction manager as adviser (CMa) incorporates an additional prime player—the construction manager—on the construction team in addition to the architect and general contractor. There is often also multiple prime contractors. The construction manager acts as an independent adviser through the course of both design and construction. Since the owner has an additional player, the roles and responsibilities among the construction team members are likely to overlap and be less well-defined. Thus for a smooth project, it follows that the owner should be experienced in administering the various roles and responsibilities of the construction team players.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice; A132–2019, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor, Construction Manager as Adviser Edition


Question 21:
6/8/2020

Licensed architects are held to ethical standards that guide professional behavior. The profession of architecture has two such standards, the AIA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct and NCARB Model Rules of Conduct.

Which scenarios are in violation of the ethical standards for architects? Select the two that apply.

A. A local branch of the AIA publishes and distributes recommended fee schedules
B. An architect withholds information to protect the building owner against a known violation of a building code
C. The employees of an architecture firm enjoy an expensive dinner provided by a representative of a window manufacturer
D. An architect accepts payment from a cedar siding supplier with full disclosure to the architect’s client
E. A young architect performs pro bono work for non-profits in order to build a portfolio of work
F. An architect obtains a general contractor’s license and begins offering general contracting services

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answers are:
A. A local branch of the AIA publishes and distributes recommended fee schedules
B. An architect withholds information to protect the building owner against a known violation of a building code

Choice A is a violation of Rule 4.1 of NCARB’s Model Rules of Conduct and Rule 2.101 of AIA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct says that architects must not knowingly violate the law. The law in this scenario is the Sherman Antitrust Act which works to outlaw business monopolies and promote competition in the marketplace. Choice B is a violation of Rule 3.5 of NCARB’s Model Rules of Conduct and Rule 2.105 of AIA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct that say that in the event an architect is made aware of a decision by a client that violates building laws and regulations that the architect must refuse consent of the decision and report it to the authorities.

Choice C is not a violation of ethical codes in the profession of architecture. Choice D is not a violation of ethical code as long as the kickback payment is disclosed to the client. Choice E is not a violation of ethical codes in the profession of architecture and pro bono work is actually encouraged by the AIA code of ethics. Choice F is not a violation of ethical codes in the profession of architecture.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice; NCARB Model Rules of Conduct; AIA 2018 Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct


Question 22:
6/15/2020

An architect and a project owner get into a dispute over what is entailed in the scope of work for a contract to design a new commercial building. They agree to go to mediation in order to attempt to resolve the dispute.

Which statements about mediation are correct? Select the two that apply.

A. The AIA B101 requires that mediation be attempted before litigation
B. The mediator is a neutral third-party who acts as a judge and renders a decision
C. The parties must agree to the outcome of the mediation
D. The outcome of mediation is nonbinding
E. Mediation is only for construction phase disputes, not design
F. Mediation is more costly than arbitration

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answers are:
A. The AIA B101 requires that mediation be attempted before litigation
D. The outcome of mediation is nonbinding

Choice A is correct based on AIA B101-2017 section 8.2 where it is stated that the owner and architect shall first attempt to resolve disputes and claims by mediation before proceeding to a binding dispute resolution. Choice D is correct, the outcome of mediation is nonbinding. This means the parties must agree to the outcome before it is finalized. If the parties cannot agree, then they proceed to another form of resolution such as arbitration or litigation.

Choice B is incorrect because while the mediator is a neutral third-party, they do not act as a judge and render a decision. The mediator acts as a negotiator or facilitator offering insight and perspective rather than a judgment. Choice C is incorrect, the parties may disagree with the outcome of mediation. Choice E is incorrect, mediation is used for all kinds of disagreements. Choice F is incorrect, arbitration is more costly than mediation.

Ref: Law for Architects; AIA B101-2017


Question 23:
6/22/2020

The overhead costs for an architecture firm are $1,980,000 annually. Their production costs including labor are $1,450,000.

What is the firm’s overhead rate? Round your answer to the nearest hundredth.

__

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is 1.37.

Overhead rate is calculated by dividing the total overhead by the direct salary expense. $1,980,000/$1,450,000 = 1.365. Round to 1.37. An overhead rate of 1.37 means the company spends $1.37 in overhead for every dollar in production costs. Overhead rate is a useful metric in pricing services and monitoring and improving the overhead rate can improve the company’s bottom line.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 24:
6/29/2020

During the course of a construction project, a significant problem arises and the project owner is threatening legal action against the architect.

What should the architect do?


A. Acknowledge the problem and admit fault after contacting their insurance carrier
B. Attempt to resolve the problem right away to soothe things over
C. Avoid jumping to conclusions until all the facts are discovered
D. Start maintaining records of site visits and construction phase correspondence

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is:
C. Avoid jumping to conclusions until all the facts are discovered

When confronted with a dispute and possible lawsuit, it is important for an architect to not incriminate themselves, their firm or staff, or their consultants. Frequently there is more to the initial discovery and if the architect admitted fault earlier, it will likely be used against them in the dispute proceedings.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 179


Question 25:
7/6/2020

According to the B101 and U.S. copyright law, the drawings produced by architects belong to the architect. The owner is granted a nonexclusive license to use the drawings for the project.

The architect prepares plans under the B101 for a rooftop deck for an existing restaurant.

Which are a violation of this agreement? Select the three that apply.


A. The architect reuses a portion of the plans for another client’s project
B. The restaurant owner sells a set of the plans to another restaurant owner
C. The owner fires the architect and hires another architect to seal and stamp the plans
D. The restaurant owner reuses the set of plans for another restaurant they own
E. The owner uses photos of the completed project in their marketing material
F. The architect uses photos of the completed project in their marketing material

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is:
B. The restaurant owner sells a set of the plans to another restaurant owner
C. The owner fires the architect and hires another architect to seal and stamp the plans
D. The restaurant owner reuses the set of plans for another restaurant they own

The design, drawings, models, and even the built structure of an architect is considered intellectual property and is protected by U.S. copyright law. This can often be misunderstood by clients who see the architect’s services as a commodity that they can buy and use and reuse as they please. Reusing plans by a client puts the architect at risk for any problems that develop from the reuse. For the client to own the copyright of a building or set of plans, the architect must give up that right and transfer ownership of the copyright to the client.

Choice B is incorrect because the plans are copyrighted by the architect and are designed for a specific site. Choice C is incorrect because the copyright of the plans stays with the original architect and the owner does not have the right to do with them as they please. Choice D is incorrect because unless agreed to otherwise, the copyright of the plans is with the architect, not the owner, and reuse of the plans is a violation of copyright.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice; AIA B101-2017


Question 26:
7/13/2020

The cost-plus project delivery method is selected for a construction project.

The cost-plus structure often requires the architect to perform a higher level of scrutiny during the construction phase towards which of the following?


A. General conditions
B. Submittals
C. Inspections
D. Pay applications

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is:
D. Pay applications

The cost-plus structure often means the architect will spend more time and effort evaluating the contractor’s expenditures and calculating the contractor’s overhead and profit.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 1050


Question 27:
7/20/2020

The following statements are shown in an architect-consultant agreement.

Which statement should be removed?


A. The Consultant is responsible for means and methods used in performing its services under this agreement.
B. The Architect shall not be responsible for the acts and omissions of the Consultant.
C. Terms in this agreement shall have the same meaning as those in the A201-2017 General Conditions of the Contract for Construction.
D. Either party may terminate this agreement at any time for any reason.

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Either party may terminate this agreement at any time for any reason.

The standard termination clause in the architect-consultant agreement states that the same terms of termination that are set forth in the owner-architect (the prime agreement) agreement apply. Only the owner may terminate the agreement without cause.

The rest of the answer choices are provisions found in the standard architect-consultant agreement which is the C401.

Ref: C401; The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 28:
7/27/2020

The following documents are used on a construction project.

What shows the documents in order from beginning to end as they would be used for the project?


A. B101, A701, A101, G701
B. B101, A201, A701, G704
C. A201, B101, C401, G701
D. A101, B101, C401, G703

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is A. B101, A701, A101, G701

The B101 is the owner-architect agreement and thus comes first. The A701 is Instructions to Bidders which is used to solicit competitive bids for a project.The A101 is the owner-contractor agreement that would be entered into when the bid is awarded and the project is ready to start construction. The G701 is the document for change orders and is only used after a contract is in place to change.

Ref: AIA documents


Question 29:
8/3/2020

A firm’s overhead rate is 1.5.

What is the firm’s break-even rate?
____

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is 2.5

An overhead rate of 1.5 means $1.50 is being spent on overhead for every $1.00 spent on salaries. The break-even rate is the overhead rate plus the unit cost of an hour’s salary which is 1.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 410


Question 30:
8/12/2020

A project is proceeding using a contractor-led design-build method of project delivery.

What is an advantage of this method over traditional design-bid-build?

A. Faster delivery
B. Linear process
C. High quality design
D. More owner control

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

[spoiler]

The answer is A. Faster delivery

Design-build projects are delivered faster than projects delivered under agreements with separate contracts for design and construction.

Choice B is incorrect because a linear process describes design-bid-build, not design-build. Design-bid-build is said to be linear because the design phase is complete before construction begins. Choice C is incorrect because with the contractor as the main contract holder, the owner doesn’t have a direct line to the architect and the design-build entity is often more concerned with cost and schedule than design. Choice D is incorrect because in design-build, the architect is a partner with the contractor and thus the owner does not have the architect to represent their interests.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, chapter 9.4
[/spoiler]


Question 31:
8/17/2020

A client is refusing to pay for services rendered, saying they believe the amount on the invoice is too high.

What should the architect do first to remedy the situation?

A. File a lien against the client’s property
B. Review terms of payment in the contract
C. Provide additional supporting evidence for the invoice
D. Have an attorney send a stern letter demanding payment

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Provide additional supporting evidence for the invoice

Providing supporting information is the easiest and simplest resolution.

Choices A and D are incorrect because the easier remedy (choice C) should be attempted first. Choice B is incorrect because while it is something the architect might do, it does not resolve the problem.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 974


Question 32:
8/24/2020

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 did which of the following?

A. Required government contractors to take affirmative action when hiring
B. Made it illegal for private employers to discriminate against employees on the basis of race and gender
C. Offered minority disadvantaged scholarships to college students on an annual basis
D. Challenged the AIA on issues of diversity and inclusion among its members

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Made it illegal for private employers to discriminate against employees on the basis of race and gender

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, age, disability, or national origin.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 31


Question 33:
8/30/2020

A commissioning consultant will be retained starting in the design phase.

What is a design phase task of the commissioning consultant?

A. Evaluate opportunities for energy savings
B. Review operations and maintenance manuals
C. Review submittals for commissioned systems
D. Coordinate turnover of MEP systems to building owner

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

Answer is A. Evaluate opportunities for energy savings

Typically the commissioning agent is hired by the owner. The commissioning process is made up of four phases of work: design, construction, acceptance, and post-acceptance. During the design phase, the commissioning agent helps the owner identify their specific project requirements, reviews the design in terms of those goals, and discusses and evaluates energy saving opportunities.

Choice B, review operations and maintenance manuals, is an acceptance phase activity. Choice C, review submittals for commissioned systems, is a construction phase activity. Choice D, coordinate turnover of MEP systems to building owner, is a post-acceptance phase activity.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 737


Question 34:
9/07/2020

An architecture firm is working with a new client. The firm has some concerns that the client will try to avoid paying the architect’s fees.

What strategy should the firm follow first?

A. Bill hourly and as often as possible
B. Allow for 10% contingency in the fee
C. Receive a portion of the fee as a retainer
D. Withhold approvals and signatures until paid

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Receive a portion of the fee as a retainer

A retainer is an advance payment from the client to the firm. The retainer does two things. First, it gives an indication of a client’s willingness and ability to pay for architectural services. Second, the retainer covers the cost of services up until the first invoice. The retainer is then taken out of the last payment when the client is most likely to try to avoid making payments.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 971


Question 35:
9/14/2020

An architecture firm is working with a new client. The firm has some concerns that the client will try to avoid paying the architect’s fees.

How much is available to respond to a single claim?

$_______

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is $1,000,000

The first number, $1,000,000, is the per claim limit and the second number is the aggregate limit for all claims within the policy time period.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice, 15th edition, page 1015; Law for Architects


Access other quiz questions

I love these practice quizzes! It says they are posted weekly… are there any more? How do I access them? Thanks!

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Hi @icci and welcome to our ARE Community!

I post a new question for each division every Monday, so you can expect to see a new one here in a few days.

Great thank you! I was confused by the January 20 date stamp… thanks again and I’ll look forward to more.

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These were great. Thank you. I actually found these to be the most similar to the actual test question format - as opposed to other practice exams.

Question: there were a few questions which referenced other supplemental material, such as “Small Firm Management”, and a few others. Can it then be implied that those other materials would be a wise investment and/or NCARB recommended? I already have the AHPP but I’m seeing several questions on the test which weren’t necessarily in AHPP explicitly. This is coming from someone who has failed PCM twice…

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Hi @Daniel.Tynes we’re glad you find the practice questions helpful!

Let’s see if one of our expert architects can answer your question. @beckypalmquist do you mind helping Daniel?

Hi Daniel!

Thanks for the feedback on the quiz questions! It’s great to hear that they are helpful to you.

As for your question about referencing other material, the “Small Firm Management” book used to be on NCARB’s list for recommended references. I noticed they took it off and am not sure why. I find it to be very useful for wrapping my mind around some of these financial concepts and calculations. It covers a lot of the information that AHPP covers but in a different way. I have never regretted buying a book that helped me in my career as it has always paid for itself. You can always get a used copy and/or sell your copy if costs are a concern.

As for the fails, that’s totally normal. Have you filled out a fail survey? I suggest doing that to get some more direct feedback.

Becky

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I ended up buying the book, so i was hoping you’d say that :sweat_smile:

If you’re referring to the survey right after the exam ends, then yes.

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Thanks for the quiz what a great way to refresh old knowledge.

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