PjM Practice quiz

Weekly PjM practice quiz

Each week we add a new practice quiz question for Project Management to help you study for PjM, or if you are simply wanting to keep your skills sharp.


Question 1:
1/20/2020

An architect and project owner agree to use the B101 document as the owner-architect agreement. The following list represents the services the architect proposes to perform in the agreement.

Based on the B101, which is NOT considered part of the architect’s basic services?

A. Associated structural engineering
B. Bidding and procurement
C. Interior design
D. Submittal review

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Interior design

Article 3 in the B101 describes the Architect’s Basic Services. Basic services include usual and customary engineering including structural, mechanical, electrical; assisting the owner with bidding or negotiating construction contracts; and construction phase services including submittal review.

Article 4 of the B101 describes common supplemental services. Based on the AIA B101, interior design is a supplemental service.

Ref: AIA B101 Articles 3 and 4


Question 2:
1/27/2020

The AIA A195 document is serving as the construction contract for a new water treatment plant.

Which other document is incorporated into the A195 by reference?

A. A201
B. B195
C. A295
D. C401

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. A295

A295 is the General Conditions of the Contract for Integrated Project Delivery.

Ref: AIA A195. AIA A295


Question 3:
2/3/2020

A new nature center is to be competitively bid. The architect must make the bidding and contract documents available to the bidders.

Which of the following are NOT part of the contract documents?

A. Geotechnical report
B. General conditions
C. Drawings
D. Specifications

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is Geotechnical report

The geotechnical report is available to bidders, but is not part of the contract documents.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 4:
2/10/2020

A 14 story mixed-use building is being planned. A fire department connection (FDC) is required.

Who approves the access and location of the FDC?

A. Fire chief
B. Building official
C. Fire sprinkler engineer
D. Architect

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is Fire chief

Based in IBC 2015 Section 912.2, the fire chief must approve the location and access of the fire department connection (FDC).

Ref: IBC 2015


Question 5:
2/17/2020

The following are conditions of the construction contract for a new building:

  1. The general contractor is responsible for cost overruns.
  2. A price for the project is negotiated and includes the cost of the work plus an additional agreed upon amount.
  3. When the owner requests a change of scope during construction, a change order is issued.

How is this contract identified?

A. Stipulated sum
B. Cost plus
C. Design-bid-build
D. Guaranteed maximum price

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Guaranteed maximum price.

Guaranteed maximum price fits all three conditions.

A stipulated sum contract is a lump sum, which means #2 doesn’t apply. In a cost plus contract, the contractor is not responsible for cost overruns, meaning #1 does not apply. In a design-bid-build contract, the cost of the work is bid, not negotiated, meaning #2 does not apply.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 6:
2/24/2020

An architect is contracting with a structural engineer. They are using AIA C401 as their agreement.

What other document is attached to the C401?

A. A101
B. A201
C. B101
D. C101

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. B101.

The owner-architect agreement, AIA B101, is attached to and a part of the C401. This is because the consultant shall perform their services with the same phases and sequences and the same standards and provisions as the prime agreement. Refer to AIA C401 article 1.1 and C401 article 3.1.

Ref: AIA C401


Question 7:
3/2/2020

An owner provided contract has the following clause:

“The Architect shall indemnify, defend, and hold harmless the client, and its officers, directors, employees, lenders, and agents, from and against all liability, loss, damage or expense, including attorney’s fees arising out of or related to the Architect’s services, whether caused by or contributed to by the Client or any other party indemnified herein, unless caused by the sole negligence of the Client.”

What should the architect do?

A. Sign the agreement as is because the clause is normal and expected and offers a high level of legal protection for the client
B. Strike out the entire clause because it places a high level of unnecessary risk on the architect
C. Edit the clause to indemnify only but not defend and hold harmless
D. Strike out the additional parties after the client “officers, directors, employees, and agents” in order to limit the risk to the architect

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Strike out the entire clause because it places a high level of unnecessary risk on the architect.

This clause places a higher level of risk on the architect than is required by the law or industry standards. The clause is written in a way that the architect would be responsible for things outside of their control and outside of the coverage of their professional liability insurance.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 8:
3/9/2020

An employee in an architecture firm receives an email from a client. In the email, the client asks to have a post-occupancy evaluation performed. The employee needs to check the contract in order to determine if this service is part of basic services or should be billed as an additional service.

Where should the employee look for this information?

A. A101
B. B101
C. C401
D. G701

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. B101.

The B101 is the Owner-Architect Agreement. Article 3 outlines the architect’s basic services and Article 4 outlines the architect’s supplemental services.

The A101 is the Owner-Contractor Agreement. The C401 is the Architect-Consultant Agreement. The G701 is Change Orders.

Ref: AIA B101


Question 9:
3/16/2020

A restaurant and bar has a mezzanine. The access to the mezzanine will be via a prefabricated steel stair. The design of the stair will be the responsibility of the supplier and shall bear the stamp of a professional engineer.

What is the name given to this transfer of responsibility from the architect to the supplier?

A. Design assist
B. Special design
C. Delegated design
D. Prescriptive specification

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Delegated design.

Delegated design is when the architect delegates a portion of the design to the contractor or their subs or suppliers. Other examples of delegated design are the design of excavation shoring and metal framing.

Ref: Architectural Graphic Standards


Question 10:
3/23/2020

A newly licensed architect is evaluating the risks associated with professional practice. Their firm focuses on large healthcare and school projects.

In which of the following situations might the firm be found liable for damages?

A. Designed a roof that doesn’t drain properly
B. Produced a poorly functioning floor plan
C. Failed to include door hardware information in the construction documents
D. Detailed a stair with 80 inches of headroom measured from the leading edge of the nosing

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is A. Designed a roof that doesn’t drain properly.

Designing a roof that doesn’t drain is outside the standard of care.

Producing a poorly functioning plan is likely not something the architect will have to pay damages for as there is no breach of contract or act of gross negligence. Failure to include door hardware information on a set of plans is not something the architect is likely to pay damages for because no set of drawings is expected to be perfect and this is easily fixed. Since a stair has a minimum code-required clearance of 80 inches, there is no error in answer D that suggest damages were incurred.

Ref: Law for Architects


Question 11:
3/30/2020

A performance bond guarantees the contractor will finish the contract. It protects the owner from an unfinished project or subpar work by the contractor.

The bond is between which of the following parties?

A. Owner and architect
B. Owner and contractor
C. Surety and contractor
D. Surety and owner

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Surety and contractor.

The surety company bonds the contractor. This means in the event that the contractor fails to carry out the contract, the surety will either complete the contract or pay the sum needed for completion.

Ref: AIA A201; The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 12:
4/6/2020

During the construction phase of a renovation to an historic building, a unique and interesting masonry bonding pattern was discovered after some siding was removed. The masonry and the mortar are both slightly deteriorated.

Based on the Secretary of the Interior’s Standard for the Treatment of Historic Buildings, what should the architect recommend?

A. Replace the deteriorated portions
B. Carefully repair the masonry
C. Cover the deteriorated masonry
D. Leave the masonry as-is

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Carefully repair the masonry.

Because the deterioration is slight, the architect should recommend repairing the masonry. This is based on The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation Guidelines which say that historic masonry should be preserved and receive the least degree of intervention possible.

Ref: Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation


Question 13:
4/13/2020

A project team will produce the construction documents according to a predetermined schedule and release the documents in a series of bid packages.

How is this project delivery type identified?

A. Owner build
B. Fast-track
C. Multiple prime
D. Integrated project delivery

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Fast-track.

In fast-track projects, the design drawings are broken into multiple packages and bid as they are finished. This allows the overall project schedule to be compressed.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 14:
4/20/2020

An architecture firm hires another architecture firm as a consultant.

What is the name of the AIA document that is used for this type of agreement?

A. G703
B. B101
C. D200
D. C401

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. C401.

The C401 is the standard form of agreement for architects and consultants, including other architects.

The G703 is the continuation sheet which is attached to the contractor’s pay application. B101 is the owner-architect agreement. D200 is a project checklist.

Ref: AIA C401; The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 15:
4/21/2020

A project owner and a general contractor use the A101 and A201 for the basis of their agreement for providing construction services. The project owner wishes to hire a cabinetmaker directly to install some cabinetry and shelving units.

Which statement is correct regarding this scenario?

A. The cabinets may only be installed after the general contractor has completed their work in full
B. The cabinetmaker must submit a bid to the general contractor and win the contract for the cabinets and shelving
C. The owner must tell the general contractor of their intentions prior to bidding
D. This arrangement is not possible with the A101/201 documents and other documents must be used

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. The owner must tell the general contractor of their intentions prior to bidding.

The contractor needs to know what is not in their contract prior to bidding so they don’t include it in their contract.

Ref: A201 Article 6; Professional Practice: A Guide to Turning Designs into Buildings


Question 16:
5/4/2020

A project team determines they have 60 hours to complete the design and construction documents for a small office tenant space. They decide that 25% of the time should go to developing the schematic design presentation. This time will be split equally between two staff members, an intermediate architect and an interior designer. The architect is billed out at $150 an hour and the interior designer is billed out at $125 an hour. The firm’s multiplier is 3.15.

What is the total billing amount for the schematic design presentation?

$____

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is $2,062.50.

60 hours x 0.25 = 15 hours

15 / 2 = 7.5 hours

7.5 hours x $150 = $1125

7.5 hours x $125 = $937.50

$1125 + $937.50 = $2,062.50

Note that the multiplier given is not used in the calculation.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 17:
5/11/2020

A project owner and an architect use B101 for the owner-architect agreement. The owner wants to know what the schematic design phase is going to entail.

Which describes the purpose of the schematic design phase?

A. To research the scope of work to be performed
B. To develop an approach to resolve issues and requirements
C. To consider every design decision and revise as necessary
D. To clearly describe what is to be built

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. To develop an approach to resolve issues and requirements.

Schematic design is a period of analysis where key issues are identified followed by a period of synthesis where the design concept is formed.

Ref: Professional Practice: A Guide to Turning Designs into Buildings; The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice; B101


Question 18:
5/18/2020

An owner-contractor agreement for a construction project is the standard AIA A101 and A201.

Which correctly describe this agreement? Select the three that apply.

A. Multiple prime
B. Single prime
C. General contract
D. Subcontract
E. Stipulated sum
F. Cost-plus

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answers are:
B. Single prime
C. General contract
E. Stipulated sum

The A101/201 agreement is for a single prime general contract with a stipulated sum as the basis for payment.

Ref: A101 and A201; Professional Practice: A Guide to Turning Designs into Buildings


Question 19:
5/25/2020

At the beginning of a project, the owner does not have a program and would like the architect to develop one.

Based on the B101, which statement is correct?

A. The owner should engage the services of a professional programmer
B. The architect should recommend an AIA standardized program
C. The architect should allow the program to develop out of the site analysis
D. The architect can develop an architectural program as an additional service

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. The architect can develop an architectural program as an additional service.

Based on the B101, programming is outside the scope of basic services and is an additional service.

Choice A is incorrect because although the owner might want to engage a professional programmer, the question is asking about provisions in the B101. Choice B is incorrect because there are no such standardized programs published by the AIA. Choice C is incorrect because the program reflects the needs of the client such as square footage requirements and functional relationships.

Ref: B101


Question 20:
6/1/2020

A project is going out to bid.

Which of the following aspects of the project is covered in Division 01 of the specifications?

A. Site remediation
B. Geotech report
C. Payment procedures
D. Seismic information

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is C. Payment procedures.

Division 01 of the specifications contains the General Requirements. This is where administrative and procedural information related to the job is found including payment procedures.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 21:
6/8/2020

The following consultants are on the team for the design and construction of a 600-unit independent living facility. The architect will retain most of the consultants in order to provide a single point of contact for the owner. However, some of the consultants are best retained by the owner.

Which consultants should be retained by the owner? Select the three that apply.

A. Land use attorney
B. Structural engineer
C. Geotechnical engineer
D. Kitchen equipment consultant
E. Interior designer
F. Traffic analyst

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answers are:
A. Land use attorney
C. Geotechnical engineer
F. Traffic analyst

In order to form a cohesive design, the architect should lead the design team. The design team includes the structural engineer, kitchen consultant, and interior designer.

Choice A is incorrect because land use attorneys advise owners on laws pertaining to zoning laws and land use ordinances. Land use attorneys are not part of the design team and their work does not need to be coordinated by the architect. Choice C is incorrect because the architect should not include geotechnical engineering in their scope for liability reasons. Geotechnical information is related to the existing site and is not a design discipline and therefore should be retained by the owner. Furthermore, most insurance policies carried by architects do not include coverage for errors or omissions related to geotechnical engineering. Choice F is incorrect because traffic analysts provide information to the owner to help make decisions about a project, but they are not part of the design team and their work does not need to be coordinated by the architect.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 22:
6/15/2020

The project manual for a large mixed-use building is being prepared.

Based on the best practices of the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI), which specification phrase is written correctly?

A. Installation of all equipment and materials shall provide required access for servicing and maintenance.
B. Furnish and install all electrical control circuit conduits, wiring, and control devices required to perform the equipment control functions as specified in Division 23.
C. The electrical contractor shall provide the best possible workmanship and perform all work in a first-class manner.
D. The M&O manuals shall be organized into suitable sets of manageable size and bound into individual binders properly identified and indexed.

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is B. Furnish and install all electrical control circuit conduits, wiring, and control devices required to perform the equipment control functions as specified in Division 23.

Choice A is incorrect because specifications should be written in the imperative form. The imperative form often starts with a verb: “Install all equipment and materials to provide required access for servicing and maintenance.” Choice C is incorrect because the criteria for workmanship described in the specification is subjective. Specifications should give objective and measurable criteria such as referencing certain trade standards or giving specific allowable tolerances. Choice D is incorrect because abbreviations such as M&O should be avoided in specifications where there is ample room. Maintenance and operations manuals should be written out.

Ref: CSI Project Resource Manual; CSI Project Delivery Guide


Question 23:
6/22/2020

The fire-resistance ratings of building materials and assemblies are determined by procedures conducted in controlled environments.

These procedures are set forth in which of the following?

A. IBC Chapter 9
B. ANSI 117.1
C. ASCE 7-10
D. ASTM E 119

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. ASTM E 119.

ASTM 119 is the Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials. The test methods described in this standard are applicable to structural materials for buildings, including bearing and other walls and partitions, columns, girders, beams, slabs, and composite slab and beam assemblies for floors and roofs. These test methods are also applicable to other assemblies and materials in buildings.

Choice A is the chapter in IBC that describes provisions for Fire Protection Systems (sprinklers and standpipes) in buildings. Choice B is the Standard for Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities. Choice C is the Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures. It provides requirements for building structural design including means for determining dead, live, soil, flood, snow, rain, atmospheric ice, earthquake, and wind loads, as well as their combinations.

Ref: IBC 2015 Section 703.2


Question 24:
6/29/2020

A new manufacturing facility is proposed. The one story 70,000 s.f. facility will be used to manufacture custom plastic components used in healthcare. Alongside the manufacturing, design and engineering of the components as well as sales and marketing are also located in the building.

Which is the most important factor for addressing indoor air quality during schematic design?

A. Creating a waste management plan
B. Building location on the site
C. HVAC system design
D. Room adjacencies

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is D. Room adjacencies

Off-gassing is the major concern here. In schematic design, separating areas by use will do the most to provide a quality indoor air environment.

Choice A is not part of schematic design. Choice B doesn’t have much to do with this scenario. Choice C becomes important only after uses have been separated in a schematic layout.

Ref: The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


Question 25:
7/6/2020

At the beginning of schematic design for a renovation to a 1920’s office building, the project owner tells the architect that an environmental site assessment (ESA) was already performed on the property.

When are environmental site assessments (ESAs) performed?

A. When the property was purchased
B. Concurrent with the topographical survey
C. During inspection by the jurisdiction
D. With the last upgrade of the HVAC system

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is A. When the property was purchased

Nearly all lenders for commercial and industrial real estate transactions require an environmental site assessment (ESA). A Phase 1 ESA is used to screen a site for potential environmental contamination. The assessment includes both the land and any improvements to the site.

Ref: Site Planning and Design Handbook


Question 26:
7/13/2020

Which are the primary benefits to using BIM software? Select the three that apply.

A. Quantity take-offs
B. Clash detection
C. Consultant coordination
D. Aligns with the business model
E. Ease of implementation
F. Assists with design visualization

Answer: (Click blurred text to reveal)

The answer is
B. Clash detection
C. Consultant coordination
F. Assists with design visualization

Visualization, clash detection, and consultant coordination are three of the primary benefits that architecture firms experience by using BIM. Another primary benefit not listed is energy modeling.

While choice A is a benefit of BIM, it is not a primary benefit since the architect is not responsible for quantity take-offs. Choice D is incorrect and, in fact, the opposite is true because the traditional business model and workflow of architecture is changing to a more integrated approach in response to BIM. Choice E is incorrect because many firms, especially smaller firms, report difficulties related to adopting and implementing BIM software. According to the book, BIM and Integrated Design, it is the social factors that determine whether a firm successfully works in BIM.

Ref: BIM and Integrated Design; The Architect’s Handbook of Professional Practice


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